Treating periodontitis

Curare la parodontite

What is periodontitis

The loss of one or more teeth not only reduces chewing function but can also affect our self-confidence and quality of life. The most common cause, along with tooth decay, of tooth loss is periodontitis, commonly known as “pyorrhea”. The periodontium (or paradentium) is the support of the tooth, its foundation.

It is composed of bone, the periodontal ligament, which surrounds the root of the tooth, and the gingiva. Periodontitis or pyorrhea, is formed when bacterial plaque is deposited in the groove between the gum and the tooth and creates a periodontal pocket. At this point, it is no longer possible to eliminate the bacteria with a toothbrush or with tartar removal alone (hygiene).

In its initial stage, periodontitis manifests itself as an inflammation of the gum, which appears swollen and bleeds easily. In more advanced stages, it causes progressive destruction of the periodontal ligament and the bone that supports the tooth. The gums recede, the teeth appear longer and begin to move. The process is painless. In the last stage, the tooth falls out on its own.
How to treat periodontitis

Periodontitis can be treated. With special instruments, bacteria can be removed from periodontal pockets. If the pockets are very deep, they can be surgically removed without causing excessive discomfort to the patient. With the surgical technique, the periodontal pockets are removed and it is possible to recover teeth that were apparently destined to fall out. If we intervene in time, the teeth regain stability and can be maintained for life.

At Dr. Schmitz Dental Office, we have been successfully treating patients with severe tooth loss and instability since 1993. We are able to treat both the early stages of the disease and the more advanced stages.
Through periodontal surgery, we can eliminate gum pockets and treat periodontitis.

What to do in case of periodontitis

It is essential to pay attention to the first symptoms of the disease, to avoid a loss of bone. The first thing to do, therefore, is to become aware of the problem, which can occur even at a young age. Periodontitis can be detected with a simple specific examination that measures the depth of the gum pockets. Modern radiographic instruments are also helpful to the dentist in diagnosing the disease.

Once periodontitis is cured, it is also important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and make regular checkups at the dentist, to avoid the recurrence of the problem.

At Dr. Schmitz Dental Office, we are able to accurately diagnose the presence of periodontitis. Using a probe, we can precisely measure the depth of the periodontal pockets. The examination takes only a few minutes and is painless.
We have high-definition digital X-ray systems that allow accurate diagnosis of the anatomy of the mandibular and maxillary bone.

Once treated, patients enter a protocol of prevention and hygiene that aims to prevent the recurrence of periodontitis.